Losar Tashi Delek ལོ་གསར་བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས།: Tibetan New Year
In Tibetan, Losar refers to the New Year, and Tashi Delek means auspicious. Losa Tashi Delek means Happy New Year, auspicious.
In the texts of the oldest Buddhist teachings in Tibet, the Yongzhongben Sect, it is recorded a long time ago that 18,000 years ago, Buddha Xingrao Miwo Rulai, who was born in the sacred land of Xiangxiong, already had the word "Tashi Delek" when he came to Kampot in Tibet to preach the scriptures.
Tibetan New Year
Before 1000 AD, the Tibetan people have their own calendar, according to the round absence of the moon, to calculate the day, month, year, in the 7th century AD Tubo period, the Tang Dynasty Wencheng, Jin Cheng two princesses, successively entered Tibet into marriage and alliance, brought the inland calendar, the Tibetan calendar is influenced by the Han calendar, since the 9th century, has been using the dry branch chronology, the Tibetan calendar year is calculated according to the Tibetan calendar, and in the 13th century, in the reign of the Sakya Dynasty, the first day of the first month was designated as the beginning of the new year, which means the king's new year, and since then the Tibetan calendar year has officially become, An important traditional festival in Tibet continues to this day.
How to celebrate the Tibetan New Year
It is the most folk festival, since the first month, every family is busy buying, ghee flowers, rosa meado, kasay, barley... These must-have New Year goods
Tibetans will celebrate the "Gutu Night" before the Tibetan New Year, and on that night, the traditional Tibetan "Chinese New Year's Eve rice", each family has to eat the dough "Gutu", which also means that the Tibetan New Year, officially kicked off, "Gutu", is a kind of beef and mutton, radish, gnocchi made of Gutu, Gutu is named according to the date, ancient means "nine" means twenty-nine, "Tu" means batter soup.
The first day of the Tibetan calendar: grabbing "new water"
The first day of junior high is the most lively, and the unused Chema suddenly appears, Around a wooden box painted with colorful patterns, a mixture of fried wheat grains and ghee is placed, and colored flowers molded from barley ears and ghee are inserted, and a bowl of barley seeds is soaked in water.
Let it grow one or two inches long green seedlings in the New Year, Chema and Mai seedlings are enshrined in the center of the divine case, praying for a bountiful harvest of grains in the coming year, and whoever puts on this bucket of "new water" first on the first day of the Tibetan New Year, the new year can avoid many disasters.
Afterwards, water is poured into a bowl and placed in front of the shrine, and a butter lamp is lit, incense is lit, and prayers are given for peace in the coming year
At the beginning of the second year of junior high school, guests must first say "Losar Tashi Delek" (Happy New Year), and the host will hold Chema to greet the guests
Inserting prayer flags in the third year of junior high school: Inserting prayer flags is the most important thing in the new year, and when the five-colored prayer flags sway on the roofs and mountain beams, a new year and new hope will come
The Tibetan New Year also lasts for 15 days, and throughout the New Year, there are also horse racing, archery, yak racing, Tibetan opera performances and other activities, such as the northern community fire (twisting song), temple fairs, etc., which are the expression of people's simplest and best wishes and joy
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